Review Article Open Access

Zoo-Technical Features of Tabun Horses in Almaty Region of Republic of Kazakhstan

Shynggys Assilbekov1, Kairat Iskhan1, Nursultan Japashov2 and Aidana Orynbassarova 1
  • 1 Kazakh National Agrarian Research University, Kazakhstan
  • 2 Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Kazakhstan

Abstract

This work was attended to improve and show the comparative characteristics of exterior features, assessment of the constitutional type of horses, determination of the direction of the productive profile of mares bred in LLP "AKBOZ" of Almaty region. Horse meat obtained in herd horse breeding contains a high number of nitrogen-containing substances with a reduced content of intramuscular fat. Therefore, horse meat is a dietary product available to a significant part of the population of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Meat herd horse breeding requires minimal costs, since local feed is used for raising animals. An unlimited amount of pasture land significantly contributes not only to an increase in the number of herd horses, but also to an increase in the production of high-value meat-horse meat. The results of individual appraisal showed that modern Kazakh horses of the zhabe type (or toad type) are quite large, have a high live weight. The young growth in measurements and live weight exceeds the corresponding requirements for animals of the I appraisal class. It was found that the greatest increase in live weight in foals was observed from 3 days of age to 1 month and was 40.8 kg in stallions and 40.4 kg in fillies. The average daily increase was 1511 and 1496 g, respectively. From 1 to 6 months of age, the increase in live weight is 84.8 kg in stallions, 83.0 kg in fillies, the average daily increase was 543 and 532, respectively.

American Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences
Volume 16 No. 1, 2021, 15-22

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajavsp.2021.15.22

Submitted On: 1 November 2020 Published On: 22 January 2021

How to Cite: Assilbekov, S., Iskhan, K., Japashov, N. & Orynbassarova , A. (2021). Zoo-Technical Features of Tabun Horses in Almaty Region of Republic of Kazakhstan. American Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, 16(1), 15-22. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajavsp.2021.15.22

  • 2,609 Views
  • 2,018 Downloads
  • 0 Citations

Download

Keywords

  • Kazakh Horse Type Toad (Zhabe)
  • Horses’ Parameters
  • Horses’ Live Weight
  • Horses’ Body Measurements
  • Horses’ Growth