Research Article Open Access

Prevalence and Risk Factors of Bovine Fascioliasis in Northeastern Peru

Clavel Diaz-Quevedo1,2, Hugo Frias3, Nilton Luis Murga Valderrama4, Lenin Torres Bernal5, Ilse Silvia Cayo Colca1 and José Américo Saucedo-Uriarte1,6
  • 1 Graduate School, Toribio Rodríguez of Mendoza from Amazonas National University, Chachapoyas, Peru
  • 2 San Ramón Agrarian Experimental Station, National Institute of Agrarian Innovation, Yurimaguas, Peru
  • 3 Institute for Research in Livestock and Biotechnology, Toribio Rodríguez of Mendoza from Amazonas National University, Chachapoyas, Peru
  • 4 Institute for Research in Livestock and Biotechnology, Toribio Rodríguez of Mendoza from Amazonas National University, Chachapoyas, Peru
  • 5 National Agrarian Health Service from Peru, San Martín, Peru
  • 6 El Porvenir Agrarian Experimental Station, National Institute of Agrarian Innovation, Juan Guerra, Peru

Abstract

Bovine fascioliasis in Peru is highly prevalent in almost all regions; however, there are few studies about its prevalence in the region of Amazonas. This research aimed to determine the prevalence and risk factors associated with fascioliasis from four livestock basins in the Amazonas region. A total of 941 bovine feces samples were analyzed and a prevalence of 52% was found. The highest prevalence was registered in females (53.9%), crossbred (58.6%), and producers with less than 50 animals (54.40%). The highest risk factor was for Brown Swiss (2.1), crossbreeds (2.4), heifer (4.1), females (1.4), and bovine that drinks water from streams (2.5) and waterhole (2.4). With the principal component analysis, 5 groups were identified, where the first explains that the area of the farm and the number of animals are related to the prevalence of fascioliasis. Group five indicated a relationship between the drinking water source and the breeds with the highest prevalence of fascioliasis. The results show that there are high prevalence and risk factors that affect livestock productivity and welfare. For this reason, there is a need to improve veterinary and animal health support, as well as training in livestock management, providing adequate sources of nutrition, and improving drug administration.

American Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences
Volume 18 No. 3, 2023, 173-183

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajavsp.2023.173.183

Submitted On: 8 January 2023 Published On: 25 July 2023

How to Cite: Diaz-Quevedo, C., Frias, H., Murga Valderrama, N. L., Bernal, L. T., Cayo Colca, I. S. & Saucedo-Uriarte, J. A. (2023). Prevalence and Risk Factors of Bovine Fascioliasis in Northeastern Peru. American Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, 18(3), 173-183. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajavsp.2023.173.183

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Keywords

  • Amazonas Region
  • Extensive Livestock
  • Fasciola Eggs
  • Fascioliasis
  • Odds Ratio