Research Article Open Access

Sero-Prevalence of Rift Valley Fever and Brucellosis in Cattle of Northern Benin, West Africa

Kadoéito Cyrille Boko1, Abdoulkarim Issa Ibrahim2, Yao Akpo3, Meriadec Evrard Alladassi1, Nestor Oscar Aguidissou1, Ange-Régis Zoclanclounon1 and Souaïbou Farougou1
  • 1 Research Unit on Communicable Diseases, Applied Biology Research Laboratory, Polytechnic School of Abomey-Calavi, University of Abomey-Calavi, Abomey-Calavi, Benin
  • 2 Central Livestock Laboratory, University Boubacar Ba of Tillabery, Niger
  • 3 Faculty of Agronomy Sciences, University of Parakou, Parakou, Benin

Abstract

Abortive diseasessuch as Brucellosis and Rift Valley Fever are among the major constraints forruminant breeding due to the economic losses they cause for the animal keepersand the risk of human and environmental contamination. A serological study wasconducted, from August to October 2021, in the commune of Malanville to assessthe prevalence of the two diseases in Northern Benin. 92 blood samples wererandomly collected from 7 farms that acknowledge abortion occurrence within thelast 12 months. The sera resulting from collected blood samples were tested forRift Valley Fever virus and Brucella antibodies using the competition ELISA. The results showed that 13.04 and 17.39% ofthe samples were positive for Rift Valley Fever and brucellosis respectively.This indicates that although there is no official reported outbreaks of RiftValley Fever in Benin, the virus is circulating among the livestock population.Therefore to control the disease spread and protect the livestock keepers andanimal source food consumers' health, all the stakeholders including animal andhuman health experts, researchers, policymakers, relevant ministries, and livestockkeepers must develop a participatory control program of the disease for theyears to come using a One Health approach.

American Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences
Volume 17 No. 4, 2022, 267-273

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajavsp.2022.267.273

Submitted On: 17 August 2022 Published On: 27 October 2022

How to Cite: Boko, K. C., Ibrahim, A. I., Akpo, Y., Alladassi, M. E., Aguidissou, N. O., Zoclanclounon, A. & Farougou, S. (2022). Sero-Prevalence of Rift Valley Fever and Brucellosis in Cattle of Northern Benin, West Africa. American Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, 17(4), 267-273. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajavsp.2022.267.273

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Keywords

  • RVF
  • Brucellosis
  • Benin