Research Article Open Access

In vivo Efficacy of Murraya paniculata Leaf in Controlling Natural Helminthiasis in Goat

Duangjai Boonkusol1, Janejira Detraksa1, Kansuda Duangsrikaew1 and Wuttipong Tongbai2
  • 1 Thepsatri Rajabhat University, Thailand
  • 2 Srinakharinwirot University, Thailand

Abstract

This study investigated the in vivo effect of Murraya paniculata leaf on gastrointestinal nematodes reduction, growth rates and haematological changes of goats. Four experimental groups (n = 6) of goats naturally acquired gastrointestinal nematodes were control (GI) (untreated), positive control (GII) (treated with albendazole, 6 mg/Kg BW) and GIII and GIV treated with 5 and 10 g/Kg BW of M. paniculata leaves. Fecal samples collections were performed weekly for assessment of fecal egg count. Number of nematode eggs in goat feces (egg per gram; EPG) was determined from week 0 (pre-treatment) to week 8 (post-treatment) by modified McMaster egg counting technique. EPG values of GIV goats were significantly lower than that of the controls and those receiving the albendazole (p<0.05) at week 3. GII goats showed highly effective at EPG reduction in 1-2 weeks after giving albendazole and then the efficiency decreased until the end of the experiment. The effect of M. paniculata leaves on growth rate was studied by examining goat weight on days 0, 30, 60 and 90. GIV group revealed significantly higher weight change than other groups (p<0.05). The feeding of M. paniculata leaves at different levels did not affect on haematological parameters, glucose, total protein, urea, albumin and globulin of goats. It was found that values of the haematological parameters were within the range of the standard values. Compound analysis of M. paniculata leaves revealed that M. paniculata leaves contained higher protein content than grass and the protein content was closed to the meal concentrate. This corresponds to the best growth rates of GIV goats. The results demonstrated that M. paniculata leaves reduce the gastrointestinal nematode eggs of goats efficiently, safely and environment-friendly.

American Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences
Volume 14 No. 2, 2019, 95-100

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajavsp.2019.95.100

Submitted On: 17 January 2019 Published On: 1 May 2019

How to Cite: Boonkusol, D., Detraksa, J., Duangsrikaew, K. & Tongbai, W. (2019). In vivo Efficacy of Murraya paniculata Leaf in Controlling Natural Helminthiasis in Goat. American Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, 14(2), 95-100. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajavsp.2019.95.100

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Keywords

  • Orange Jessamine Leaf
  • Herbal Anthelmintics
  • Gastrointestinal Nematode
  • Goat
  • In vivo Test