Research Article Open Access

Risk Factors of Renal Aspergillosis in Pigeons (Columba livia): Field Study

Bagus Uda Palgunadi1, Kurniasih2 and Yos Adi Prakoso1
  • 1 University of Wijaya Kusuma Surabaya, Indonesia
  • 2 University of Gadjah Mada, Indonesia

Abstract

Aspergillosis is the common infectious diseases in the avian species. Aspergillosis causes granulomatous lesions in the lung and upper respiratory system and rarely reported regarding its infection in the kidney. This study aims to analyse the risk factors of renal aspergillosis in the pigeon (Columba livia) and its association to aflatoxicosis and CD4+/ CD8+ depression. Twenty-dead pigeons, feed and litter randomly collected from 10-local breeders. Each breeder was asked to fill out the questionnaire. Microbiology, immuno-histopathology and detection of aflatoxin were performed on the collected specimens. The data was analysed using SPSS 16. The results revealed that the prevalence of Aspergillus belonging to the “Fumigati section” was 85% and 80% in lungs and kidneys, respectively. Moreover, the hyphae and granulomatous inflammation with minimal expression of CD4+/CD8+ are observed from pigeons kidney. This study reflected that contamination of Aspergillus belonging to the “Fumigati section” in the litter and air significantly affect the occurrence of pigeon's renal aspergillosis.

American Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences
Volume 14 No. 2, 2019, 78-85

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajavsp.2019.78.85

Submitted On: 24 March 2019 Published On: 13 June 2019

How to Cite: Palgunadi, B. U., Kurniasih, & Prakoso, Y. A. (2019). Risk Factors of Renal Aspergillosis in Pigeons (Columba livia): Field Study. American Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, 14(2), 78-85. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajavsp.2019.78.85

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Keywords

  • Aflatoxicosis
  • CD4+
  • CD8+
  • Pigeon
  • Renal Aspergillosis
  • Risk Factors