Research Article Open Access

A Survey Study on Productive and Reproductive Performance of Indigenous Poultry

Peter Ayodeji Idowu1, Maliviwe Mpayipheli1 and Voster Muchenje1
  • 1 University of Fort Hare, South Africa

Abstract

 A survey study was conducted to analyze the reproductive and productive performances of four indigenous chicken breeds (Potchefstroom Koekoek, Venda, Naked Neck and Ovambo) under different rearing system. Six villages located in Eastern Cape, South Africa were used for the study from July 2017 to June 2018. Data on Clutch Per Year (CPY), hatchability (HATCH), Egg Per Clutch (EGC), survivability at 10-12 weeks (SURV), Egg Per Year (EPY), Recovery Period (RP), average age at production (AA), Duration of Rearing (DR), mortality, egg laying length (EGL), Natural Brooding Period (NBP) and Natural Incubating Period (NIP) were obtained from Seven thousand, five hundred and thirty eight (7538) indigenous chicken. Four different breeds were sampled such as Venda breeds (2748), Potchefstroom Koekoek (2088), Ovambo (1838) and Naked Neck (864) breeds respectively. Potchefstroom Koekoek is observed to be a good egg producing breed with 15.11±0.25 eggs per clutch. Venda breed possess good mothering ability (hatchability) and high survivability with 86.03±0.31days and 82.70±0.26 days respectively. Naked Neck is known to be more prone to diseases with least (survivability) 60.08±0.25 days. Village was positively correlated with EGC and HATCH, EGY and SURV at p≤0.01 and p≤0.05 respectively. Rearing system was positively correlated with EGC. Rearing system was positively correlated at p≤0.05 on EGC than CPY, HATCH, EGY and SURV. Breed and village interactions were significant at p≤0.05 on RP, AA, DR, EGL, NBP and NIP. Therefore, productive and reproductive traits of indigenous chicken differ across different rearing systems, breeds and villages.

American Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences
Volume 14 No. 1, 2019, 33-39

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajavsp.2019.33.39

Submitted On: 25 September 2018 Published On: 27 February 2019

How to Cite: Idowu, P. A., Mpayipheli, M. & Muchenje, V. (2019). A Survey Study on Productive and Reproductive Performance of Indigenous Poultry. American Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, 14(1), 33-39. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajavsp.2019.33.39

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Keywords

  • Poultry Performance
  • Indigenous Breeds
  • Economic Traits