Research Article Open Access

Effect of Dietary Supplementation of a Mix of Chestnut and Quebracho Tannins on Intestinal Morphology, Bacterial Load, Eimeria spp oocyst Excretion and Immune Response after Vaccination in Rabbits

Francesca Parisi1, Simone Mancini1, Maurizio Mazzei1, Mario Forzan1, Barbara Turchi1, Stefania Perrucci1, Alessandro Poli1 and Gisella Paci1
  • 1 University of Pisa, Italy

Abstract

Among plant products, tannins exhibited a strong antioxidant activity and their employment was studied as food or feed addictive with positive effects. Nevertheless, their health-enhancing properties remain to be completely clarified, particularly in rabbits. The aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of a mix of chestnut and quebracho tannins as supplementation in rabbit diet on intestinal morphology, as well as bacterial loads and Eimeria spp coccidial oocyst excretion and humoral immune response after vaccination. Rabbits were fed four different diets: basal diet (negative control, group CN), basal diet with anticoccidial supplementation (positive control, group CP) and basal diet with tannins mix 0.3% (group T0.3) or 0.6% (group T0.6). Samples of intestine, liver, spleen thymus, mesenteric lymph nodes, kidney and heart were submitted to histopathologic investigations. Morphometric analyses were performed on portion of duodenum, jejunum and ileum. Intestinal contents were analyzed by flotation test for Eimeria spp. oocysts excretion and by microbiological assays for Clostridium perfringens and Escherichia coli. Rabbits belonging to the four experimental groups were vaccinated by means of a live attenuated myxomatosis virus and sera were collected individually at three time points to determine antibody response.The obtained results demonstratedthe absence of toxic effects of the tannin mix on examined organs, particularly on liver and kidney and any negative influence on the growth performance. A relevant anti-inflammatory effect on the intestinal tract, a reduction of Eimeria spp. oocysts excretion and a positive immunomodulatory and antibacterial effects were also observed. Diets supplemented with the tannins mix affected also the morphology of examined intestinal tracts, particularly duodenum and ileum.

American Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences
Volume 13 No. 3, 2018, 94-103

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajavsp.2018.94.103

Submitted On: 30 May 2018 Published On: 3 August 2018

How to Cite: Parisi, F., Mancini, S., Mazzei, M., Forzan, M., Turchi, B., Perrucci, S., Poli, A. & Paci, G. (2018). Effect of Dietary Supplementation of a Mix of Chestnut and Quebracho Tannins on Intestinal Morphology, Bacterial Load, Eimeria spp oocyst Excretion and Immune Response after Vaccination in Rabbits. American Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, 13(3), 94-103. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajavsp.2018.94.103

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Keywords

  • Anti-bacterial and Anti-parasitic Activities
  • Immunomodulation
  • Intestine Morphology
  • Rabbits
  • Tannins