Review Article Open Access

The use of Probiotics in Horses with Gastrointestinal Disease

Jelena Gotić1, Darko Grden1, Nikica Prvanović Babić1 and Vladimir Mrljak1
  • 1 University of Zagreb, Croatia

Abstract

Probiotics are common adjunctive therapy used in human and veterinary medicine, mostly intended for gastrointestinal diseases treatment or prevention. Lactic acid bacteria: Lactobacilli, bifid bacteria and enterococci and Saccharomyces boulardii, a subtype of the nonpathogenic yeast have been most frequently used as probiotic active ingredients. To become a recognized effective probiotic, a certain microorganism must fulfill many expectations, primarily the ability to survive gastrointestinal tract passage, adhere to epithelial cells and colonize intestines to present antimicrobial effect and inhibition of enteric pathogens. Prior to evaluation of clinical efficiency, it is advised to perform in vitro studies in order to identify potentially beneficial properties of probiotic organisms. An effective probiotic product could be of a great value in equine medicine, since both, adult horses and foals, frequently exhibit gastrointestinal problems. However, very little objective research has been carried out on the topic. The effectiveness of probiotic products in horses has been proven in very few studies and some presented serious adverse effects. Therefore, the benefits of probiotics use in equine medicine still remain undetermined.

American Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences
Volume 12 No. 3, 2017, 159-168

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajavsp.2017.159.168

Submitted On: 29 March 2017 Published On: 30 August 2017

How to Cite: Gotić, J., Grden, D., Babić, N. P. & Mrljak, V. (2017). The use of Probiotics in Horses with Gastrointestinal Disease. American Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, 12(3), 159-168. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajavsp.2017.159.168

  • 4,168 Views
  • 4,307 Downloads
  • 6 Citations

Download

Keywords

  • Probiotics
  • Equine
  • Gastrointestinal Tract
  • Microbiota