Investigation Open Access

High Frequency of Enteroparasite Infection in Dogs (Canis familiaris) in Urban Regions of Espírito Santo, Brazil

Roberta Bastos Costa1, Betânia Barreiro Santos2, Gisele Pereira Valdetaro2, Kalline Pereira Aroeira2, Célio Siman Mafra Nunes2, Racire Sampaio Silva2, Denise Coutinho Endringer2 and Dominik Lenz2
  • 1 Prefeitura de Vila Velha, Brazil
  • 2 Universidade Vila Velha, Brazil

Abstract

The objective of this study was to perform examinations of canine fecal samples collected in the urban region, focusing on enteroparasitological diseases, common zoonosis that have their risk of transmission increased due to the growing number of stray dogs in these areas. One hundred and twenty fecal samples of stray dogs were collected from various locations of the studied region and processed by the method of Mollay Willis and Hoffman. Fifty local residents were interviewed, using a semi-structured questionnaire containing questions concerning personal hygiene, stray dogs as a risk factor and parasitological diseases knowledge. Parasitological contamination was observed in 75.9% of the samples; the main parasite was Ancylostoma spp. (72.5%), followed by Toxocara spp. (8.3%). In 24.1% of the samples, less relevant or non-important zoonosis helminths were found. Of those interviewed, only three (6%) were aware of the risk of parasitic contamination by dog feces. The high rate of dogs with infection by enteroparasites along with a lack of knowledge of the population about these infections represents a high risk of zoonosis and zooanthroponosis.

American Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences
Volume 11 No. 1, 2016, 8-10

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajavsp.2016.8.10

Submitted On: 18 September 2015 Published On: 29 January 2016

How to Cite: Costa, R. B., Santos, B. B., Valdetaro, G. P., Aroeira, K. P., Nunes, C. S. M., Silva, R. S., Endringer, D. C. & Lenz, D. (2016). High Frequency of Enteroparasite Infection in Dogs (Canis familiaris) in Urban Regions of Espírito Santo, Brazil. American Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, 11(1), 8-10. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajavsp.2016.8.10

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Keywords

  • Dogs
  • Enteroparasite
  • Ancylostoma
  • Toxocara
  • Zoonosis