Research Article Open Access

Evaluation of Some Physical, Haemathological and Clinical Chemistry Parameters in Healthy Newborn Italian Holstein Calves

Francesca Bonelli1, Carolina Castagnetti2, EleonoraIacono2, Michele Corazza1 and Micaela Sgorbini1
  • 1 University of Pisa, Italy
  • 2 University of Bologna, Italy

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to investigate some physical, haematological and clinical chemistry parameters in the newborn Italian Holstein calf at birth and at 24 h of life, to evaluate changes during the immediate post-partum period. Forty-six Italian Holstein Friesian calves were included in this study. Heart rate, respiratory rate and body temperature were recorded at birth and at 24 h of life. The time needed to raise the head, acquire sternal recumbency, stand up were also recorded. Blood samples were collected before first feeding and at 24 h of age and CBC count, L-lactate, glucose and total protein concentrations were evaluated. The head was raised immediately in 46/46 calves, suckling reflex was acquired within 12±9 min, sternal position in 5±2 min and newborn stood up in 38±30 min. Some of the physical data, haematological and biochemical values showed statistical differences between birth and 24 h of age. The results from this study provide some information about physical and laboratory data of Italian Holstein Friesian calves, at birth and at 24 h of life. Our results confirm that several clinical and laboratory values in newborn calves differ from adult reference intervals and from calves of different breeds.

American Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences
Volume 10 No. 4, 2015, 230-234

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajavsp.2015.230.234

Submitted On: 8 May 2015 Published On: 6 November 2015

How to Cite: Bonelli, F., Castagnetti, C., EleonoraIacono, ., Corazza, M. & Sgorbini, M. (2015). Evaluation of Some Physical, Haemathological and Clinical Chemistry Parameters in Healthy Newborn Italian Holstein Calves. American Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, 10(4), 230-234. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajavsp.2015.230.234

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Keywords

  • Calf
  • Neonatology
  • Hematology
  • Clinical Chemistry
  • Physical Data