Research Article Open Access

Occurrence of Feline Immunodeficiency Virus and Feline Leukemia Virus Infection in Cats

Fabiana Alves1, Daniela de Souza Rajao1, Helen Lima Del Puerto1, Gissandra Farias Braz1, Romulo Cerqueira Leite1, Carlos Mazur1, Almir Sousa Martins1 and Jenner Karlisson Pimenta dos Reis1
  • 1 Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Brazil

Abstract

Problem statement: The objective of the present study was to evaluate occurrence of the Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV) and the Feline Leukemia Virus (FeLV) infection in asymptomatic domestic cats in the metropolitan region of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, using the Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) for FIV detection and SNAP Combo Plus for FeLV and FIV detection. Approach: Blood samples were collected from the jugular vein of 78 healthy cats, mixed breeds and ages and both sexes. Specific primers were designed for PCR to amplify a 244 bp fragment of FIV gag gene. Results: Five animals (6.41%) were positive by PCR and three animals (3.85%) were positive by SNAP Combo Plus for FIV and 14 animals were positive for FeLV (17.95%). Conclusion: These results suggest that there is a significant occurrence of asymptomatic infected animals which may serve as potential transmitters of FIV and FeLV.

American Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences
Volume 6 No. 3, 2011, 125-129

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajavsp.2011.125.129

Submitted On: 5 February 2011 Published On: 2 November 2011

How to Cite: Alves, F., Rajao, D. S., Puerto, H. L. D., Braz, G. F., Leite, R. C., Mazur, C., Martins, A. S. & dos Reis, J. K. P. (2011). Occurrence of Feline Immunodeficiency Virus and Feline Leukemia Virus Infection in Cats . American Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, 6(3), 125-129. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajavsp.2011.125.129

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Keywords

  • Belo horizonte
  • Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV)
  • Feline Leukemia Virus (FeLV)
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)
  • asymptomatic infected animals
  • potential transmitters
  • minas gerais
  • domestic cats
  • via vaginal
  • clinical history
  • serologic analysis