Research Article Open Access

Permanent Urethrostomy for Treatment of Caprine Hypospadias

Omid Azari1, Ehsanollah Sakhaee1 and Ladan Emadi1
  • 1 Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Iran


Hypospadias, a more extreme form of congenital urethral defect, is seen in young phenotypically male goats. In hypospadias, the urethra remains open on the ventral surface of the penis and is visible externally on the preputial midline. Problem statement: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the surgical treatment outcome in hypopadiac kids. Approach: Thirty six male goat kids with sings of hypospadias were referred to the Animal Hospital of Veterinary Medicine Faculty of Kerman, Iran. The age of patients ranged from one week to 3 months old. The kids were showed symptoms of dysuria and stranguria, during urination. Urine leaked into the subcutaneous tissue of ventral abdominal wall and prepuce. Surgical reconstruction is the only possible therapeutic option for hypospadias. In the current study, permanent urethrostomy operation was carried out for treatment of all kids. Results: Two weeks after surgery the goat kids were in good condition. After 2 months, no significant postoperative complications were observed. Conclusion: Permanent urethrostomy is a reliable technique to treatment of hypospadiac kids.

American Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences
Volume 5 No. 2, 2010, 107-110


Submitted On: 2 May 2010 Published On: 30 June 2010

How to Cite: Azari, O., Sakhaee, E. & Emadi, L. (2010). Permanent Urethrostomy for Treatment of Caprine Hypospadias. American Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, 5(2), 107-110.

  • 3 Citations



  • Hypospadias
  • goat
  • surgical treatment
  • urethrostomy