Evidences for the Role of Melatonin as a Protective Additive During Buffalo Semen Freezing
Mohamed El-Raey, M. R. Badr, Z. M. Rawash and G. M. Darwish
DOI : 10.3844/ajavsp.2014.252.262
American Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences
Volume 9, Issue 4
Till now, the exact role of melatonin in male infertility hasn’t been fully discovered. Moreover, the intracellular signaling pathways activated by melatonin in buffalo spermatozoa especially on the level of cryopreservation process haven’t been reported. The current study aimed simply to clarify the precise role of this hormone during buffalo semen cryopreservation. Semen samples were obtained randomly from 6 fertile buffalo bulls (aged 3 to 5 years). Weekly, two consecutive ejaculates were collected from each bull for successive six weeks duration using an artificial vagina. The ejaculates were pooled to eliminate variability between the evaluated samples. After that, semen samples were subjected to extension with Tris-based extender supplemented with different concentrations of melatonin (0.1, 0.25, 0.5, 0.75 and 1 mM) Vs. Tris-based extender only (control). Then they were processed to cryopreservation and thawing to assess the different semen characteristics. It had been found that 0.1 mM of melatonin significantly (p<0.05) improved post thawing motility, viability index, acrosomal integrity, total antioxidant capacity, superoxide dismutase and glutathione reductase activity. On the other hand, it significantly (p<0.05) decreased the rate of lipid peroxidation, aspartate amino transferase, alanine aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase and DNA fragmentation. All of these previously enhanced semen characteristics were reflected positively on its in vitro fertilizing capacity, as well as the percent of harvested embryos. In conclusion melatonin supplementation to the extension media of buffalo semen during processing significantly enhanced its characteristics. Moreover, the preceding results focusing more light on the potential roles of melatonin in regulating male reproduction.
© 2014 Mohamed El-Raey, M. R. Badr, Z. M. Rawash and G. M. Darwish. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.