Anatomy of the Gross Intestine of the Capybara (Hydrochoerus Hydrochaeris)
- 1 University of the Republic, Uruguay
- 2 University Federal Fluminense, Brazil
Published On: 28 July 2012
Copyright: © 2020 Noelia Vazquez, Rafael Senos and William Pérez. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Problem statement: The anatomy of the gross intestine and its mesentery of the capybara (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris) have not been described completely. Approach: In the present study, eight adult capybaras were studied using gross dissection. Results: The cecum was the largest part of the intestine and was divided into base, body and apex. The cecocolic fold joined the cecum to the full extent of the proximal loop of ascending colon. The ascending colon was divided into two ansae, one proximal and one distal or spiral. The distal ansa had a spiral arrangement and was placed cranially to the right, covered ventrally by the apex of the cecum. This ansa had a centripetal gyrus to the left, a central flexure and a centrifugal gyrus turning to the right that was continuous with the transverse colon in the right colic flexure. Conclusion: The gross intestine of the capybara was different to other previously studied rodents.
- abdominal organs
- requires concise definitions
- peritoneal folds
- anatomical nomenclature
- anaesthetic administered intravenously
- digestive system