Perspectives of Solid State Fermentation for Production of Food Enzymes
- 1 Universidad Autónoma de Coahuila, United States
- 2 The University of Georgia, United States
- 3 Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, United States
Food industry represents one of the economic sectors where microbial metabolites have found a wide variety of applications. This is the case of some enzymes, such as amylases, cellulases, pectinases and proteases which have played a very important role as food additives. Most of these enzymes have been produced by submerged cultures at industrial level. Many works in the literature present detailed aspects involved with those enzymes and their importance in the food industry. However, the production and application studies of those enzymes produced by solid state fermentations are scarce in comparison with submerged fermentation. This review involves production aspects of the seven enzymes: tannases, pectinases, caffeinases, mannanases, phytases, xylanases and proteases, which can be produced by solid state fermentation showing attractive advantages. Additionally, process characteristics of solid state fermentation are considered.
Copyright: © 2008 Cristobal Noe Aguilar, Gerardo Gutiérrez-Sánchez, PLilia A. rado-Barragán, Raul Rodríguez-Herrera, José L. Martínez-Hernandez and Juan C. Contreras-Esquivel. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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- Food enzymes
- solid state culture