Research Article Open Access

Pasture Productivity Depending on the Method of Pasture use in the Steppe Zone of Northern Kazakhstan

Balzhan Akhylbekova1, Nurlan Serekpayev1, Adilbek Nogayev1 and Bakhytbek Zhumabek1
  • 1 LLP "Scientific and Production Center of Grain Farming Named after A.I. Barayev", Kazakhstan

Abstract

Unsystematic grazing of animals and continuous use of pasturesleads to their degradation and, accordingly, to a shortage of pasture foragefor the production of competitiveenvironmentally friendly livestock products. The proportion of productivegrasses in grass covers is decreasing; therefore, there is an urgent need topreserve valuable plant species in pasture grass, restore the productivity ofnatural vegetation and enrich it with valuable grasses. This study evaluatedthe impact of the unsystematic grazing method and a developed pasture rotationscheme on the height of the herbage and the productivity of seasonal pastureplots. The study was conducted as an experiment in the Arshaly district of theAkmola region located in the northern part of Kazakhstan. In 2019, unsystematicgrazing of animals was carried out on the studied contours of the pasture. Theanimals grazed without alternating pastures and, as a result, the plants weresubjected to intensive grazing for long periods or without sufficient recoveryperiods. In 2020, there was rotational grazing, where cattle grazed indifferent areas according to the seasons using a certain pasture rotation. As aresult of the conducted study, it was found that with pasture rotation, theheight of the herbage increased from 9.56±2.94 to 16.42±5.65 cm. Theproductivity of pastures after grazing decreased sharply but in the followingseason, the grassland recovered from 0.77±0.22 to 0.91±0.4 t/ha and exceededthe indicators of unsystematic grazing.

OnLine Journal of Biological Sciences
Volume 22 No. 4, 2022, 476-483

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ojbsci.2022.476.483

Submitted On: 21 July 2022 Published On: 3 November 2022

How to Cite: Akhylbekova, B., Serekpayev, N., Nogayev, A. & Zhumabek, B. (2022). Pasture Productivity Depending on the Method of Pasture use in the Steppe Zone of Northern Kazakhstan. OnLine Journal of Biological Sciences, 22(4), 476-483. https://doi.org/10.3844/ojbsci.2022.476.483

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Keywords

  • Herbage
  • Seasonal Pastures
  • Pasture Biomass
  • Grazing
  • Pasture Rotation