Research Article Open Access

Structural and Substrate Interaction Properties of Alkaline Phosphatase from Paenibacillus sp. PSB04: In-Silico Analysis

Herman Umbau Lindang1 and Cahyo Budiman2
  • 1 Biotechnology Research Institute, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Malaysia
  • 2 Department of Animal Production and Technology, Faculty of Animal Science, IPB University, Indonesia

Abstract

A Phosphate-Solubilising Bacterium (PSB) of Paenibacillus sp. PSB04 was previously isolated from the Sabah tropical rainforest in Malaysia. Interestingly, the genome sequence of the PSB04 strain harbored an Alkaline Phosphatase (AP) (EC 3.1.3.1) gene and was hypothesized to have unique structural characteristics. Therefore, this study aims to determine the AP three-Dimensional (3D) model and catalytic mechanism from Paenibacillus sp. PSB04 (PAP). To address this, the 3D model of this protein was built and docked into a model substrate of p-nitrophenyl phosphate. As a result, the best complex was shown to have the lowest binding energy of -5.9 kcal/moL. Furthermore, the complex showed the atomic coordination of catalytic residues of PAP and the substrate was similar to that of AP from Escherichia coli (ECAP), which implies that both APs shared a similar catalytic mechanism. In this mechanism, Ser 94 of PAP acted as nucleophilic residues, which were activated by the Zn ion. Arg 145 is predicted to be mobile due to its location in the loop region, which allows this residue to stabilize the substrate through direction or water-mediated secondary interaction. Docking simulation of pNPP indicated that the putative residues involved in the catalysis mainly are Ser 94, Ser 141, Ala 146, Thr 147, Pro 148, Asp 293, and Glu 294. Glu 294 is considered a unique residue corresponding to Lys 328 ECAP, allowing the PAP to have a better affinity to stabilize the substrate in the binding cavity. Accordingly, a unique catalytic mechanism of PAP was proposed.

OnLine Journal of Biological Sciences
Volume 22 No. 3, 2022, 256-267

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ojbsci.2022.256.267

Submitted On: 6 March 2022 Published On: 16 July 2022

How to Cite: Lindang, H. U. & Budiman, C. (2022). Structural and Substrate Interaction Properties of Alkaline Phosphatase from Paenibacillus sp. PSB04: In-Silico Analysis. OnLine Journal of Biological Sciences, 22(3), 256-267. https://doi.org/10.3844/ojbsci.2022.256.267

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Keywords

  • Bacteria Alkaline Phosphatase
  • in Silico
  • Molecular Docking
  • Catalytic Mechanism