Literature Review Open Access

Foot Pain in High Heels Woman users: Systematic Literature Review and Meta-Analysis

Anisa Ferli Yolanda1, Swandito Wicaksono1 and Ahmad Azmi Nasution1
  • 1 Universitas Bengkulu, Indonesia


In recent years, many women wear high heels. Wearing high heels that exceed the recommended usage of a maximum of three hours can harm the foot and body. Someone who suffers from foot pain will have a significant physical disability, difficulty in daily activities and an increase in falls and injuries. Thus far, there has been no meta-analysis study that strengthens the effect of wearing high heels on foot pain. Therefore, the author aimed to examine and determine whether there is an effect between wearing high-heeled shoes and foot pain problems. In searching literature review/literature studies, the author used a research database of PubMed and Trip database. The author also registered and installed publications more than one or duplicate, did abstracts screening, publications selection related to inclusion criteria and assessed the quality of studies using a developing Center for Evidence-Based Medicine (CEBM) tool. Of the 220 publications identified and after systematic literature screening, three data were used for meta-analysis. Comprehensive Meta-analysis software was used for statistical analysis. The effect of wearing high heels on foot pain is not statistically significant (p = 0.248), yet clinically the racial odds were 1.87. This result shows that woman who wears high heels has a risk of 1.87 times more likely to have foot pain.

OnLine Journal of Biological Sciences
Volume 20 No. 4, 2020, 201-206


Submitted On: 15 September 2020 Published On: 1 December 2020

How to Cite: Yolanda, A. F., Wicaksono, S. & Nasution, A. A. (2020). Foot Pain in High Heels Woman users: Systematic Literature Review and Meta-Analysis. OnLine Journal of Biological Sciences, 20(4), 201-206.

  • 0 Citations



  • Woman
  • High Heels
  • Foot Pain