Research Article Open Access

Effect of Sorbitol Calcium Chelate on Yield and Calcium Nutrient Absorption of Peanut

Chang Liu1, Yupeng Li2, Wentao Huo3, Tengsheng Li1, Qianqian Wei1, Mingli Huang1, Cunzhen Geng4 and Dongyun Yan1
  • 1 Qingdao University, Shandong 266071, China
  • 2 Shandong Lianmeng Chemical Group CO. LTD, China
  • 3 First Company of China Eighth Engineering Bureau, China
  • 4 Qingdao University, Qingdao 266071, China

Abstract

Sorbitol has the effect of promoting nutrient absorption, so it has the potential to produce excellent fertilizers. In this study, sorbitol calcium chelate was synthesized using sorbitol as the chelating agent. The effects of sorbitol calcium chelate on peanut were investigated, with the goal of promoting peanut yield and improving the utilization of calcium fertilizer. Field experiments were carried out in Jimo, Shandong Province, China. Four sorbitol calcium chelate concentrations (0.4, 0.8, 1.6 and 2.4 g L-1) and two sorbitol non-chelated calcium concentrations (1.6 and 2.4 g L-1) were tested. Compared with the corresponding sorbitol non-chelated calcium fertilizer treatments, the yield of peanuts increased by 10.0 and 1.7% under sorbitol chelated calcium concentrations of 1.6 and 2.4 g L-1, respectively, besides, the calcium and potassium contents of the seed kernel increased by 32.2 and 55.8%, under sorbitol chelated calcium concentrations of 1.60 and 2.40 g L-1, respectively. Sorbitol calcium chelate improved peanut yield and promoted the transformation of sugars to fat in the seed kernel, the 1.6 g L-1 concentration produced the best results. Compared with the blank control, the 1.60 g L-1 sorbitol chelated calcium fertilizer treatment increased peanut yield by 28.6%, fruit number per plant by 46.8%, 100-kernel weight by 20.4%, full fruit number per plant by 55.3%, fat content by 5.0%. In conclusion, sorbitol chelated calcium fertilizer was superior to sorbitol non-chelated calcium fertilizer under the experimental conditions used herein.

American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Volume 17 No. 2, 2021, 160-173

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajbbsp.2021.160.173

Submitted On: 24 February 2021 Published On: 19 April 2021

How to Cite: Liu, C., Li, Y., Huo, W., Li, T., Wei, Q., Huang, M., Geng, C. & Yan, D. (2021). Effect of Sorbitol Calcium Chelate on Yield and Calcium Nutrient Absorption of Peanut. American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, 17(2), 160-173. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajbbsp.2021.160.173

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Keywords

  • Sorbitol Chelated Calcium Fertilizer
  • Sorbitol Non-Chelated Calcium Fertilizer
  • Peanuts
  • Yield and Quality
  • Nutrient Uptake