Research Article Open Access

SSR Analysis of the Chloroplast and Mitochondrial Genomes of Cultivar Lines and Wild Types of the Sunflower (Helianthus L.)

Vladimir Arturovich Khachumov1, Alexander Vyacheslavovich Usatov1, Kirill Vitalievich Azarin1, Nikolay Victorovich Markin1, Vera Alekseevna Gavrilova2, Oleg Fedorovich Gorbachenko3 and Fedor Ivanovich Gorbachenko3
  • 1 Southern Federal University, Russia
  • 2 N. I. Vavilov Institute of Plant Genetic Resources, Russia
  • 3 Pustovoit All-Russian Research Institute of Oil Crops, Russia

Abstract

SSR analysis of chloroplast and mitochondrial genomes of cultivar lines and wild species of sunflower (Helianthus L.) were completed. The polymorphism of 18 microsatellite loci of the chloroplast and mitochondrial genomes was investigated. Based on the obtained data was constructed dendrogram showing the genetic diversity of chloroplast and mitochondrial genomes of sunflowers. The studied species were clustered into annual and perennial. This set of novel polymorphic SSR markers can be useful for breeders and molecular biologists for the genetic diversity analysis, lines identification and improve breeding.

American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Volume 16 No. 1, 2020, 70-75

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajbbsp.2020.70.75

Submitted On: 24 January 2020 Published On: 19 February 2020

How to Cite: Khachumov, V. A., Usatov, A. V., Azarin, K. V., Markin, N. V., Gavrilova, V. A., Gorbachenko, O. F. & Gorbachenko, F. I. (2020). SSR Analysis of the Chloroplast and Mitochondrial Genomes of Cultivar Lines and Wild Types of the Sunflower (Helianthus L.). American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, 16(1), 70-75. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajbbsp.2020.70.75

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Keywords

  • Chloroplast Genome
  • Mitochondrial Genome
  • SSR Markers
  • Polymorphism
  • Sunflower