Research Article Open Access

Inhibition Effect of Walnut Leaf Polysaccharide on HepG2 Cells in vitro

Shuqing Yang1, Haifang Xiao1, Shuyan Yu1, Zhike Xie1, Shaoxuan Yu1 and Yuanda Song1
  • 1 Shandong University of Technology, China

Abstract

In this study, the effect of Walnut Leaf Polysaccharides (WLP) on human liver tumor HepG2 cells was investigated. The results showed that WLP had dose-dependent and time-dependent inhibitory effects on HepG2 cell viability. Typical apoptosis characteristics were observed in WLP-treated HepG2 cells through 5,5',6,6'-tetrachloro-1,1',3,3'-tetraethyl-benzimidazolyl-carbocyanine iodide (DAPI) staining and Acridine Orange (AO)/Ethidium Bromide (EB) dual staining. Meanwhile, significant decrease in Mitochondrial Membrane Potential (MMP) and increase in intracellular Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) levels of WLP-induced HepG2 cells were detected by 5,5',6,6'-Tetrachloro-1,1',3,3'-tetraethylbenzimidazolcarbocyanine iodide (JC-1) and 2',7'-Dichlorodihydrofluorescein Diacetate (DCFH-DA) fluorescent probes, respectively. Moreover, cell viability, MMP and ROS level of HepG2 cells were observed after intervention with antioxidant NAC. Thus, we speculated that WLP may induce apoptosis of HepG2 cells by decreasing MMP and increasing intracellular ROS levels. The results suggest that WLP could be developed as a promising natural anticancer active substance in the pharmaceutical and functional food industries.

American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Volume 15 No. 4, 2019, 179-189

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajbbsp.2019.179.189

Submitted On: 6 August 2019 Published On: 29 October 2019

How to Cite: Yang, S., Xiao, H., Yu, S., Xie, Z. & Song, Y. (2019). Inhibition Effect of Walnut Leaf Polysaccharide on HepG2 Cells in vitro. American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, 15(4), 179-189. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajbbsp.2019.179.189

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Keywords

  • Polysaccharides
  • Walnut Leaves
  • HepG2 Cells
  • Apoptosis
  • ROS