Research Article Open Access

Optimization of Key Technology for Instant Sea Cucumber Processing through Fuzzy Evaluation and Response Surface Methodology

Jianfeng Sun1, Tianshu Yang1, Qian Liu1 and Zhaoping Sun1
  • 1 Agricultural University of Hebei, China

Abstract

The original flavor of instant sea cucumber products can be retained and these products consequently show good market potential. In this study, the key processing technique for instant sea cucumber was optimized on the basis of single factor through Box-Behnken response surface test method by using collagen and polysaccharide contents and fuzzy mathematics sensory score as response values. Results showed that cooking time, cooking temperature, sterilization time and sterilization temperature significantly affected the overall quality and sensory quality of instant sea cucumber products. The optimum processing conditions were as follows: Cooking time, 17 min; cooking temperature, 83°C; sterilization time, 10 min; and sterilization temperature, 103°C. Under these conditions, the collagen content, polysaccharide concentration and sensory evaluation were 5.263±0.020%, 1.021±0.068% and 97.27±0.85, respectively and these findings were consistent with the predicted values. This study revealed that the nutrient components of instant sea cucumber are efficiently preserved and thus provided technical guarantee for the processing and production of instant sea cucumber.

American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Volume 13 No. 2, 2017, 99-110

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajbbsp.2017.99.110

Submitted On: 28 April 2017 Published On: 23 June 2017

How to Cite: Sun, J., Yang, T., Liu, Q. & Sun, Z. (2017). Optimization of Key Technology for Instant Sea Cucumber Processing through Fuzzy Evaluation and Response Surface Methodology. American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, 13(2), 99-110. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajbbsp.2017.99.110

  • 3,735 Views
  • 2,122 Downloads
  • 3 Citations

Download

Keywords

  • Instant Sea Cucumber
  • Fuzzy Evaluation
  • Response Surface Method
  • Collagen
  • Acid Polysaccharide