Review Article Open Access

Analysis of Benzo[a]Pyrene Contamination from an Long-Term Contaminated Soil

Svetlana Sushkova1, Tatiana Minkina1, Abdulmalik Batukaev2, Irina Turina1, Saglara Mandzhieva1, Galina Vasilyeva3, Rıdvan Kızılkaya4, Inna Zamulina1 and Izzet Akca4
  • 1 Southern Federal University, Russia
  • 2 Chechen State University, Russia
  • 3 Institute of Physicochemistry and Biological Problems of Soil Sciences Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia
  • 4 Ondokuz Mayıs University, Turkey

Abstract

Analysis of benzo[a]pyrene contamination from an aged contaminated chernozemic, meadow-chernozemic and alluvial soils under the effect of aerotechnogenic emissions from the Novocherkassk regional power plant have been revealed on the basis of annual monitoring studies from 2008 to 2012. A new ecologically clean highly-effective express-method of subcritical water extraction has been developed for determination of benzo[a]pyrene from soils of the emissions zone. It has been found that the 5-km zone to the northwest and west from the power station, which coincides with the predominant wind directions, is most subjected to contamination by benzo[a]pyrene, with the maximum accumulation at a distance of about 1.6 km from the emissions source. The vertical distribution coefficients of benzo[a]pyrene between the 0-5 cm and 5-20 cm layers closely correlate with the contents of physical clay, clay, organic matter and cation exchange capacity. It has been shown that the content of benzo[a]pyrene in the soil is an indicator of the technogenic pressure impact on the areas, for which the combustion products of hydrocarbon fuel are the major pollutants.

American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Volume 12 No. 1, 2016, 1-11

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajbbsp.2016.1.11

Submitted On: 22 September 2015 Published On: 16 November 2015

How to Cite: Sushkova, S., Minkina, T., Batukaev, A., Turina, I., Mandzhieva, S., Vasilyeva, G., Kızılkaya, R., Zamulina, I. & Akca, I. (2016). Analysis of Benzo[a]Pyrene Contamination from an Long-Term Contaminated Soil. American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, 12(1), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajbbsp.2016.1.11

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Keywords

  • Soil
  • Benzo[a]pyrene
  • Subcritical Water Extraction
  • Monitoring
  • Regional Power Plant