Research Article Open Access

Effect of Catha edulis on Insulin, Resistin and Cortisol Levels in Type-2 Diabetics and Non-Diabetics

Mohamed Ibrahem Kotb El-Sayed1 and Hatem Al-Kordy Amin1
  • 1 Helwan University, Egypt

Abstract

In this study, the biochemical effects of Catha edulis leaves chewing (as psycho stimulant and aphrodisiac) on the serum concentration of resistin, insulin, cortisol, zinc, calcium, copper and blood glucose in both healthy individuals and type 2 diabetic patients were examined. 80 male subjects aged 35-55 years were recruited in this study, 40 of them were previously diagnosed as type 2 diabetics and the other 40 were healthy non-diabetics. The above two groups were subdivided into two subgroups (n = 20) in accordance on whether they were regular and chronic khat chewers or none into NNK; healthy non-khat chewers, NK; healthy khat chewers, DNK; type 2 diabetic non-khat chewers and DK; type 2 diabetic khat chewers. Khat chewing resulted in elevated resistin, cortisol, FBG, PBG levels and HOMA-IR in either diabetics or healthy khat chewers than those of non-khat chewers and generally in diabetics than healthy. In addition, khat chewing resulted in a significant increase in calcium and copper serum levels. In contrast, serum zinc and insulin levels in diabetic chewers were significantly lower than those of diabetic’s non-chewers. Catha edulis Forsk chewing adds additional toxic effects to type 2 diabetics by increasing cortisol and resistin levels while decreasing insulin secretion and sensitivity.

American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Volume 8 No. 3, 2012, 157-163

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajbbsp.2012.157.163

Submitted On: 4 July 2012 Published On: 20 September 2012

How to Cite: El-Sayed, M. I. K. & Amin, H. A. (2012). Effect of Catha edulis on Insulin, Resistin and Cortisol Levels in Type-2 Diabetics and Non-Diabetics. American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, 8(3), 157-163. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajbbsp.2012.157.163

  • 4,533 Views
  • 5,262 Downloads
  • 8 Citations

Download

Keywords

  • Catha Edulis Forsk
  • Diabetes Mellitus Type 2
  • Resistin
  • Cortisol
  • Insulin