Research Article Open Access

Nanoceramic Matrices: Biomedical Applications

Willi Paul1 and Chandra P. Sharma1
  • 1 Institute for Medical Sciences & Technology, India

Abstract

Natural bone consisted of calcium phosphate with nanometer-sized needle-like crystals of approximately 5-20 nm width by 60 nm length. Synthetic calcium phosphates and Bioglass are biocompatible and bioactive as they bond to bone and enhance bone tissue formation. This property is attributed to their similarity with the mineral phase of natural bone except its constituent particle size. Calcium phosphate ceramics have been used in dentistry and orthopedics for over 30 years because of these properties. Several studies indicated that incorporation of growth hormones into these ceramic matrices facilitated increased tissue regeneration. Nanophase calcium phosphates can mimic the dimensions of constituent components of natural tissues; can modulate enhanced osteoblast adhesion and resorption with long-term functionality of tissue engineered implants. This mini review discusses some of the recent developments in nanophase ceramic matrices utilized for bone tissue engineering.

American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Volume 2 No. 2, 2006, 41-48

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajbbsp.2006.41.48

Submitted On: 7 April 2006 Published On: 30 June 2006

How to Cite: Paul, W. & Sharma, C. P. (2006). Nanoceramic Matrices: Biomedical Applications. American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, 2(2), 41-48. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajbbsp.2006.41.48

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Keywords

  • Nanoparticles
  • Nanomatrices
  • Bone Tissue Engineering
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