Research Article Open Access

Anti-Proliferative Activity of Zerumbone Against Tumour Cell Lines

Adel Sharaf Al-Zubairi1
  • 1 Albaha University, Saudi Arabia

Abstract

Zerumbone (ZER) is a cytotoxic phytochemical component extracted from the tropical herbal plant, Zingiber Zerumbet smith. It has been identified as an active anticancer compound. This study was aimed to evaluate in vitro the anti-proliferative activity of this bioactive compound, zerumbone, on seven cancer cell lines namely: CEMss (T4-lymphoplastoid), Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO), 3T3 (mouse fibroblast), WEHI-3 (murine monomyelocytic leukemia), HeLa (Human cervical cancer), MCF-7 (human breast cancer) and MDA-MB-231 (human mammary cancer-estrogen negative). The antiproliferative activity of ZER was evaluated using 3-[4,5-dimethylthizol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, together with the commercially available anticancer drug Cisplatin as a control drug. The most sensitive cells to ZER were found to be WEHI-3B, 3T3 and Hela cell lines with an IC50 of 5, 6 and 6.4 µg mL-1, respectively, followed by CEMss cell lines with an IC50 of 12 µg mL-1. This indicates the possible potential use of ZER for treatment of hematological cancers in addition to the cervical cancer. Meanwhile, ZER was found to be less toxic to the normal cell lines CHO.

OnLine Journal of Biological Sciences
Volume 18 No. 2, 2018, 123-129

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ojbsci.2018.123.129

Submitted On: 11 December 2017 Published On: 25 April 2018

How to Cite: Al-Zubairi, A. S. (2018). Anti-Proliferative Activity of Zerumbone Against Tumour Cell Lines. OnLine Journal of Biological Sciences, 18(2), 123-129. https://doi.org/10.3844/ojbsci.2018.123.129

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Keywords

  • Zerumbone
  • Cell Lines
  • Antiproliferative Activity
  • MTT