OnLine Journal of Biological Sciences

Transformation of Lesquerella Fendleri with the New Binary Vector pGPro4-35S

Grace Q. Chen, Roger Thilmony and Jiann-Tsyh Lin

DOI : 10.3844/ojbsci.2011.90.95

OnLine Journal of Biological Sciences

Volume 11, Issue 3

Pages 90-95


Problem statement: Crop genetic engineering requires the use of various promoters to control the expression of introduced transgenes. Some of the binary vectors currently available for promoter characterization in dicotyledonous plants have pitfalls due to their construction, such as containing a selectable marker cassette with enhancer sequences that can potentially interfere with the expression specificity of nearby promoters. Also, many binary vectors are quite large in size and contain few useful restriction sites making their in vitro manipulation technically challenging. Approach: A small (7698 bp) and flexible binary vector named pGPro4 was constructed to possess unique features favorable for promoter analysis in dicot plants. A nopaline synthase (nos) promoter was used to control the expression of the selectable marker of pGPro4 to prevent the problem of interference with the neighboring promoter-reporter fusion. In pGPro4, the nos promoter and hygromycin phosphotransferase II (hptII) sequences are flanked by loxP sites, which allow for Cre recombinase-mediated removal when hygromycin resistance is no longer desired. pGPro4 also contains a bifunctional β-glucuronidase-enhanced Green Fluorescent Protein (gusA-eGFP) reporter gene that provides visual detection of reporter gene expression using either fluorescence in live cells or histochemical detection of β-glucuronidase activity. Results and Conclusion: To demonstrate the usefulness of the pGPro4 vector, a CaMV35S promoter was fused to gusA-eGFP and the resulting plasmid, pGPro4-35S, was used to transform Lesquerella fendleri. Primary shoots were generated from explants at an expected frequency of 10-27.5%, indicating that the nos promoter drove sufficient hptII expression to generate hygromycin resistant plants. Six independent transgenic L. fendleri lines were grown to maturity and generated T1 seeds. The bifunctionality of the gusA-eGFP reporter gene was verified by detecting both green fluorescence and β-glucuronidase activity in multiple T1 L. fendleri seedlings from 5 of the 6 the independent transgenic lines.


© 2011 Grace Q. Chen, Roger Thilmony and Jiann-Tsyh Lin. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.