Research Article Open Access

Effects of Metal Ion Concentrations on Lipid and Gamma Linolenic Acid Production by Cunninghamella sp. 2A1

Farhila Muhid1, Wan Nazatul Naziah Wan Nawi1, Abdul Jalil Abdul Kader1, Wan Mohtar Wan Yusoff1 and Aidil Abdul Hamid1
  • 1 University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Malaysia

Abstract

The effects of different concentration of MgSO4.7H2O, FeCl3.6H2O, ZnSO4.7H2O, CuSO4.5H2O and MnSO4.5H2O on lipid and GLA production by Cunninghamella sp. 2A1 were studied in submerged culture fermentation. Cultivation was performed in 250 ml conical flask (100ml working volume), at 30°C and 250 rpm agitation for 120h. Mg2+, Fe2+ and Zn2+ have significant effect on lipid accumulation as inclusion of each ions resulted in a 64, 43 and 33% increase in lipid content compared to cultures which was cultivated with the omission of each ions, respectively. All three metal ions also affected GLA production by Cunninghamella sp. 2A1 with Zn2+ having the most profound effect with an increase of up to 74% of GLA yield (g GLA/g lipidless biomass) achieved. As omission of any single metal ions did not affect biomass concentration achieved, we concluded that metal ions components in production media may have affected lipid and GLA production by affecting pathways involved in the biosynthesis of lipid and GLA. This study reports the critical concentration of each metal ion for optimal lipid and GLA production by Cunninghamella sp. 2A1.

OnLine Journal of Biological Sciences
Volume 8 No. 3, 2008, 62-67

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ojbsci.2008.62.67

Submitted On: 20 November 2008 Published On: 30 September 2008

How to Cite: Muhid, F., Nawi, W. N. N. W., Kader, A. J. A., Yusoff, W. M. W. & Hamid, A. A. (2008). Effects of Metal Ion Concentrations on Lipid and Gamma Linolenic Acid Production by Cunninghamella sp. 2A1. OnLine Journal of Biological Sciences, 8(3), 62-67. https://doi.org/10.3844/ojbsci.2008.62.67

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Keywords

  • Cunninghamella sp.
  • lipid
  • GLA and metal ion