Assessment of Constructed Wetland Biological Integrity Using Aquatic Macroinvertebrates
C. Galbrand, I. G. Lemieux, Abdel E. Ghaly, R. Côté and M. Verma
DOI : 10.3844/ojbsci.2007.52.65
OnLine Journal of Biological Sciences
Volume 7, Issue 2
A surface flow constructed wetland consisting of seven cells was used to treat the leachates from a decommissioned landfill. Wetland monitoring was performed by evaluating the treatment efficiency of the landfill leachate and the wetland biological integrity of the wetland. The water quality samples were analyzed for iron, manganese, phosphorus (orthophosphate), pH, dissolved oxygen (DO), nitrogen (ammonia, nitrate, nitrite and TKN), chemical oxygen demand (COD), total suspended solids (TSS) and total dissolved solids (TDS). Aquatic macroinvertebrates were examined using Average Score per Taxon (ASPT) via the Biological Monitoring Working Party (BMWP) biotic index, the Ephemeroptera, Trichoptera, Sphaeriidae and Odonata (ETSD) biotic index, abundance of mayflies and trophic structure. Reductions of 49.66, 66.66, 1.91, 46.37 and 8.33% were obtained for manganese, orthophosphate, TSS, TDS and COD, respectively. The nitrite, dissolved oxygen and iron concentrations were not in accordance with the water quality guidelines for aquatic life. ASPT, ETSD, percent abundance of mayflies and trophic structure represented moderate to moderately-poor water quality in comparison to a high quality reference site. Iron had most adverse effect on the biological system of the wetland.
© 2007 C. Galbrand, I. G. Lemieux, Abdel E. Ghaly, R. Côté and M. Verma. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.