Journal of Mathematics and Statistics

Flows of Continuous-Time Dynamical Systems with No Periodic Orbit as an Equivalence Class under Topological Conjugacy Relation

Tahir Ahmad and Tan Lit Ken

DOI : 10.3844/jmssp.2011.207.215

Journal of Mathematics and Statistics

Volume 7, Issue 3

Pages 207-215


Problem statement: Flows of continuous-time dynamical systems with the same number of equilibrium points and trajectories, and which has no periodic orbit form an equivalence class under the topological conjugacy relation. Approach: Arbitrarily, two trajectories resulting from two distinct flows of this type of dynamical systems were written as a set of points (orbit). A homeomorphism which maps between these two sets is then built. Using the notion of topological conjugacy, they were shown to conjugate topologically. By the arbitrariness in selection of flows and their respective initial states, the results were extended to all the flows of dynamical system of that type. Results: Any two flows of such dynamical systems were shown to share the same dynamics temporally along with other properties such as order isomorphic and homeomorphic. Conclusion: Topological conjugacy serves as an equivalence relation in the set of flows of continuous-time dynamical systems which have same number of equilibrium points and trajectories, and has no periodic orbit.


© 2011 Tahir Ahmad and Tan Lit Ken. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.