American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology

Copper (I)-Nicotinate Promotes Gene Expression of CYPs that Produce M1 and Q1 in Aflatoxicosed Rats

Mohammed Salah, Laila Mostafa, Tahia H. Saleem, Ahmed R. Shatat, Obeid Shanab, Enas A. Noseer, Muammar Y. Nassar and Ahmed Y. Nassar

DOI : 10.3844/ajbbsp.2020.40.50

American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology

Volume 16, Issue 1

Pages 40-50

Abstract

Aflatoxin-contaminated food poses a serious risk to both human and animal health.  Copper (1)-nicotinate (Cu+-nicotinate) complex potentiated the prophylactic effect against chronic aflatoxicosis in the experimental animals through the synthesis of less toxic metabolites M1 and Q1 which are easily excreted in urine. To investigate the action of the safety Cu+-nicotinate complex on gene expression of Cytochrome 450 (CYP450) system, the liver tissue samples of orally administered rats for 3 weeks with aflatoxin B1 (AFB1; 30 μg/kg body weight), with and without association of the copper complex (400 μg/kg body weight) were assayed for their gene expression of CYP450 families including 1A2, 3A2 and 2C11 as well as histopathological examination of the hepatic tissue samples was performed. The obtained data denoted that the Cu+-nicotinate complex significantly reduced gene expression of CYP2C11 and CYP3A2 that enhancing the most toxic epoxide metabolite. On the contrary, this complex enhanced the expression of CYP1A2 that synthesize the less toxic metabolite M1 and Q1. The histopathological examination mostly confirmed such observation as the signs of aflatoxicosis were absent in Cu+-nicotinate-treated group. Consequently, it could be predicted that the Cu+-nicotinate complex may be medically used as an inhibitory food additive agent against exposure of aflatoxicosis in the intact animals since the complex contains the copper and nicotinic acid, the two daily required biochemical elements for sustaining live in healthy conditions.

Copyright

© 2020 Mohammed Salah, Laila Mostafa, Tahia H. Saleem, Ahmed R. Shatat, Obeid Shanab, Enas A. Noseer, Muammar Y. Nassar and Ahmed Y. Nassar. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.