Research Article Open Access

Copper (I)-Nicotinate Promotes Gene Expression of CYPs that Produce M1 and Q1 in Aflatoxicosed Rats

Mohammed Salah1, Laila Mostafa1, Tahia H. Saleem2, Ahmed R. Shatat3, Obeid Shanab1, Enas A. Noseer4, Muammar Y. Nassar5 and Ahmed Y. Nassar2
  • 1 South Valley University, Egypt
  • 2 Assiut University, Egypt
  • 3 Al-Azhar University, Egypt
  • 4 Aswan University, Egypt
  • 5 Dongola University, Sudan
American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Volume 16 No. 1, 2020, 40-50

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajbbsp.2020.40.50

Submitted On: 7 November 2019 Published On: 28 January 2020

How to Cite: Salah, M., Mostafa, L., Saleem, T. H., Shatat, A. R., Shanab, O., Noseer, E. A., Nassar, M. Y. & Nassar, A. Y. (2020). Copper (I)-Nicotinate Promotes Gene Expression of CYPs that Produce M1 and Q1 in Aflatoxicosed Rats. American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, 16(1), 40-50. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajbbsp.2020.40.50

Abstract

Aflatoxin-contaminated food poses a serious risk to both human and animal health.  Copper (1)-nicotinate (Cu+-nicotinate) complex potentiated the prophylactic effect against chronic aflatoxicosis in the experimental animals through the synthesis of less toxic metabolites M1 and Q1 which are easily excreted in urine. To investigate the action of the safety Cu+-nicotinate complex on gene expression of Cytochrome 450 (CYP450) system, the liver tissue samples of orally administered rats for 3 weeks with aflatoxin B1 (AFB1; 30 μg/kg body weight), with and without association of the copper complex (400 μg/kg body weight) were assayed for their gene expression of CYP450 families including 1A2, 3A2 and 2C11 as well as histopathological examination of the hepatic tissue samples was performed. The obtained data denoted that the Cu+-nicotinate complex significantly reduced gene expression of CYP2C11 and CYP3A2 that enhancing the most toxic epoxide metabolite. On the contrary, this complex enhanced the expression of CYP1A2 that synthesize the less toxic metabolite M1 and Q1. The histopathological examination mostly confirmed such observation as the signs of aflatoxicosis were absent in Cu+-nicotinate-treated group. Consequently, it could be predicted that the Cu+-nicotinate complex may be medically used as an inhibitory food additive agent against exposure of aflatoxicosis in the intact animals since the complex contains the copper and nicotinic acid, the two daily required biochemical elements for sustaining live in healthy conditions.

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Keywords

  • Aflatoxin B1
  • Copper-Nicotinate
  • Cytochrome P450
  • Metabolites
  • Food Additive