Two Co-Expression Strategies for Eicosapentaenoic Acid Production in Mortierella alpina
Xin Tang, Haiqin Chen, Xiaoke Zhang, Zhennan Gu, Hao Zhang, Yong Q. Chen and Wei Chen
DOI : 10.3844/ajbbsp.2019.208.217
American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Volume 15, Issue 4
The omega-3 long-chain Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid (PUFA) Eicosapentaenoic Acid (EPA) has beneficial effects on human health, leading to its use in health products and foods. The oleaginous microorganism Mortierella alpina has been used in the industrial production of Arachidonic Acid (AA). The omega-3 desaturase oPpFADS17 is a key enzyme in the bioconversion of AA to EPA from Phytophthora parasitica and Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase (G6PD2) is a critical enzyme that provide reducing power NADPH for lipid biosynthesis. In this study, we used a double expression cassette and 2A peptide strategies to co-express the these two critical enzymes. Subsequently, we investigated the effects of these strategies on total lipid and EPA accumulation. The recombination strains generated using the above-described strategies exhibited no differences in cell growth, compared with the control strain. Recombination strains generated using the double expression cassette exhibited an increase in total lipids to 43% of the cell dry weight, but did not accumulate EPA. Recombination strains generated using the 2A peptide strategy exhibited increased EPA accumulation, such that this PUFA accounted for 30% of the total lipid content. These co-expression strategies provide the improvements of multi-gene modification in PUFA accumulation in M. alpina.
© 2019 Xin Tang, Haiqin Chen, Xiaoke Zhang, Zhennan Gu, Hao Zhang, Yong Q. Chen and Wei Chen. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.