A SHORT INTERFERING RNA MOLECULAR BEACON FOR THE ATTENUATION OF MYCOBACTERIAL INFECTION
Remo George, Kathy Nugent, Norman Bolus, Joseph Garner, Jenna Pickering, Ashley Glaze, Emma Heard, Jonathan Waugh and M. Tino Unlap
DOI : 10.3844/ajbbsp.2014.40.49
American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Volume 10, Issue 1
The ability of the pathogen Mycobacterium Tuberculosis (MTB) to invade and survive within macrophages of granulomas is attributed to the product of the Mammalian Cell Entry (MCE) operon whose gene, mce4A, encodes a cholesterol transporter that transports host lipids into the bacterium that allows the bacterium to survive during chronic infection. Here, we proposed and tested the hypothesis that a mce4A siRNA molecular beacon can be used to attenuate mycobacterial infection in macrophages. Mce4A gene was cloned and expressed in E. coli (E. coli-4A) and differentiated U937 cells were transduced with piLenti-siRNA-GFP phage expressing the mce4A siRNA for 24 h. This was followed by infection with either E. coli-4A or M. smegmatis for 3 h followed by incubation for 0, 3, 6, 24 and 48 h. The cells were lysed and the lysates were plated on LB agar plates containing ampicillin (100 µg mL-1) or on 7H11 media and incubated at 37°C overnight. Our results showed that the siRNA treatment attenuated E.coli-4A infection in macrophages at 3, 6, 24 and 48 h by 0, 77, 59.6 and 99.7%, respectively. Our results also showed that the siRNA treatment attenuated M. smegmatis infection in macrophages at 3, 6, 24 and 48 h. by 94.8, 70.3, 98.9 and 93.4%, respectively. In conclusion, a mce4A siRNA molecular beacon was successfully delivered and stably expressed in macrophages which attenuated E. coli expressing mce4A (E. coli-4A) and M. smegmatis infection in macrophages.
© 2014 Remo George, Kathy Nugent, Norman Bolus, Joseph Garner, Jenna Pickering, Ashley Glaze, Emma Heard, Jonathan Waugh and M. Tino Unlap. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.