Research Article Open Access

Gravitation Due to Scalar Potentials and Black Holes

Mark Titleman1
  • 1 Department of Biochemistry, Concordia University, Canada


This paper argues that the universe possesses two scalar potentials similar to those proposed by E.T. Whittaker in which waveforms travel longitudinally. It is proposed that these scalar potentials form through black holes, creating normal transverse electromagnetic radiation as well as gravity. This opens up new avenues for understanding the universe and black holes while applying parsimonious explanations to dark matter theories. Charge is envisioned as a widespread mechanical intermediate in the form of the scalar potentials, thus implying that the universe is similar to an atom. An important speed is determined and the critical MOND acceleration is derived using the Rydberg constant.

Physics International
Volume 11 No. 1, 2020, 1-3


Submitted On: 9 April 2020 Published On: 8 June 2020

How to Cite: Titleman, M. (2020). Gravitation Due to Scalar Potentials and Black Holes. Physics International, 11(1), 1-3.

  • 0 Citations



  • Gravity
  • Black Holes
  • Dark Matter
  • Rydberg Constant
  • MOND
  • Whittaker