Research Article Open Access

A Firefly-Inspired Scheme for Energy-Efficient Transmission Scheduling Using a Self-Organizing Method in a Wireless Sensor Networks

Zeyad Ghaleb Al-Mekhlafi1, Zurina Mohd Hanapi1, Mohamed Othman1 and Zuriati Ahmad Zukarnain1
  • 1 Universiti Ptura Malaysia, Malaysia

Abstract

Various types of natural phenomena are regarded as primary sources of information for artificial occurrences that involve spontaneous synchronization. Among the artificial occurrences that mimic natural phenomena are Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) and the Pulse Coupled Oscillator (PCO), which utilizes firefly synchronization for attracting mating partners. However, the PCO model was not appropriate for wireless sensor networks because sensor nodes are typically not capable to collect sensor data packets during transmission (because of packet collision and deafness). To avert these limitations, this study proposed a self-organizing time synchronization algorithm that was adapted from the traditional PCO model of fireflies flashing synchronization. Energy consumption and transmission delay will be reduced by using this method. Using the proposed model, a simulation exercise was performed and a significant improvement in energy efficiency was observed, as reflected by an improved transmission scheduling and a coordinated duty cycling and data gathering ratio. Therefore, the energy-efficient data gathering is enhanced in the proposed model than in the original PCO-based wave-traveling model. The battery lifetime of the Sensor Nodes (SNs) was also extended by using the proposed model.

Journal of Computer Science
Volume 12 No. 10, 2016, 482-494

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/jcssp.2016.482.494

Submitted On: 27 September 2016 Published On: 11 December 2016

How to Cite: Al-Mekhlafi, Z. G., Hanapi, Z. M., Othman, M. & Zukarnain, Z. A. (2016). A Firefly-Inspired Scheme for Energy-Efficient Transmission Scheduling Using a Self-Organizing Method in a Wireless Sensor Networks. Journal of Computer Science, 12(10), 482-494. https://doi.org/10.3844/jcssp.2016.482.494

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Keywords

  • Wireless Sensor Network
  • Time Synchronization
  • Pulse Coupled Oscillator
  • Firefly