Research Article Open Access

Ad Hoc Mobile Wireless Networks Routing Protocols - A Review

Geetha Jayakumar and G. Gopinath


Mobile ad hoc networks(MANET) represent complex distributed systems that comprise wireless mobile nodes that can freely and dynamically self organize into arbitrary and temporary ad-hoc network topologies, allowing people and devices to seamlessly internet work in areas with no preexisting communication infrastructure e.g., disaster recovery environments. An ad-hoc network is not a new one, having been around in various forms for over 20 years. Traditionally, tactical networks have been the only communication networking application that followed the ad-hoc paradigm. Recently the introduction of new technologies such as Bluetooth, IEEE 802.11 and hyperlan are helping enable eventual commercial MANET deployments outside the military domain. These recent revolutions have been generating a renewed and growing interest in the research and development of MANET. To facilitate communication within the network a routing protocol is used to discover routes between nodes. The goal of the routing protocol is to have an efficient route establishment between a pair of nodes, so that messages can be delivered in a timely manner. Bandwidth and power constraints are the important factors to be considered in current wireless network because multi-hop ad-hoc wireless relies on each node in the network to act as a router and packet forwarder. This dependency places bandwidth, power computation demands on mobile host to be taken into account while choosing the protocol. Routing protocols used in wired network cannot be used for mobile ad-hoc networks because of node mobility. The ad-hoc routing protocols are divided into two classes: table driven and demand based. This paper reviews and discusses routing protocol belonging to each category.

Journal of Computer Science
Volume 3 No. 8, 2007, 574-582


Submitted On: 21 August 2007 Published On: 31 August 2007

How to Cite: Jayakumar, G. & Gopinath, G. (2007). Ad Hoc Mobile Wireless Networks Routing Protocols - A Review. Journal of Computer Science, 3(8), 574-582.

  • 102 Citations



  • Routing Protocol
  • On-demand
  • active and reactive protocols