Review Article Open Access

Structure of Buried Ice on Mars

Relly Victoria Petrescu1, Raffaella Aversa2, Antonio Apicella2 and Florian Ion Tiberiu Petrescu1
  • 1 Bucharest Polytechnic University, Romania
  • 2 Second University of Naples, Italy


After the older evidence that there is carbon dioxide on Mars made up of oxygen 2 and carbon now we have evidence that there is even normal water on the marble consisting of hydrogen 2 and oxygen. In other words, we have Martian oxygen combined with carbon and hydrogen, so we can extract oxygen directly to the site to initially create the source of the breathing necessary for those who will originally live in closed bases built on Mars in the form of huge bells, extremely solid, which will be permanently fed with oxygen for human respiration, but also for other beings, including pets. Our main objective, however, is to create the atmosphere on Mars, a ground-like, welcoming, friendly atmosphere, so that in the end Mars can live in the same way as on Earth. It is no longer a dream, but an imperative requirement. It is still difficult to conquer the very distant exoplanets we have just discovered and paratroop and yet we will do so slowly over time and then, as much as possible, it is imperative to begin the terratation of our Mars neighbor, showing clear signs that it was habitable or perhaps once inhabited and which today reveals real water, apart from the carbon dioxide that has been discovered for many years in following. Hydrogen being the number one element can now be obtained almost anywhere through various nuclear reactions. If we have oxygen extracted from the layers of CO2 or the water we have found recently, we can create a source of breath and then we can produce water in massive quantities, with the obvious purpose of rebuilding the friendly atmosphere of Mars to create a natural water circuit on Mars, even if originally it will be artificially produced using modern technologies. The most difficult problem was to find a source of oxygen on Mars, so we would not be forced to produce the necessary oxygen in massive amounts to terrify the planet from other substances through nuclear reactions. If there are already serious sources of carbon snow, plus the recently discovered sources of pure water, we can obviously extract the oxygen directly from them. How we have shown hydrogen production will not be a difficult issue, being element 1 so easy to obtain even from any other element through nuclear reactions first. If our solar system and our universe abound in hydrogen sources, there are still no obvious abundant sources of pure, elemental hydrogen on Mars. Frankly, even on our planet Terra, hydrogen even today does not abound as a pure element, being extracted or produced from water, hydrocarbons, or other elements through nuclear reactions. To create water on Mars, we already have clear possibilities due to the existence of oxygen and the possibility of extraction and hydrogen extraction. For a normal atmosphere and on Mars it is also necessary, besides oxygen and hydrogen, the nitrogen element. Here studies must be concentrated to find in the coming years and sources of nitrogen directly on the planet today, which we want to turn into a second blue planet in our solar system soon.

Journal of Aircraft and Spacecraft Technology
Volume 2 No. 1, 2018, 72-79


Submitted On: 14 January 2018 Published On: 22 January 2018

How to Cite: Petrescu, R. V., Aversa, R., Apicella, A. & Petrescu, F. I. T. (2018). Structure of Buried Ice on Mars. Journal of Aircraft and Spacecraft Technology, 2(1), 72-79.

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  • NASA
  • Mars
  • Atmosphere
  • Stratosphere
  • Water
  • Oxygen
  • Hydrogen
  • Nitrogen