Research Article Open Access

The Evaluation of the Groundwater Influence on the Stress and Strain Behavior around a Tunnel by Analytical Methods

Pierpaolo Oreste1
  • 1 Department of Environmental, Land and Infrastructural Engineering, Politecnico di Torino (Italy) Corso Duca degli Abruzzi 24, I-10129 Torino, Italy

Abstract

The presence of an aquifer in the soil causes a change in a relevant way of the stability conditions of a tunnel. The flow of water in the pores, in fact, modifies the stress and strain state of the soil and causes an increase in the thickness of the plastic zone. As a result the loads transmitted on the lining increase. In this study a calculation procedure by finite differences method, able to determine the stress and strain state of the soil in the presence of the water flow in the pores, is presented. More particularly, using the proposed procedure, it is possible to determine the convergence-confinement curve of the tunnel and the trend of the plastic radius varying the internal pressure. A calculation example is used to detect the great influence that the presence of the aquifer has on the stress and strain state of the soil and on the pressure-displacement relationship of the tunnel wall.

American Journal of Applied Sciences
Volume 12 No. 10, 2015, 734-741

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajassp.2015.734.741

Submitted On: 8 April 2015 Published On: 30 October 2015

How to Cite: Oreste, P. (2015). The Evaluation of the Groundwater Influence on the Stress and Strain Behavior around a Tunnel by Analytical Methods. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 12(10), 734-741. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajassp.2015.734.741

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Keywords

  • Tunnel Stability
  • Deep Tunnel
  • Circular Tunnel
  • Underwater Tunnels
  • Convergence-Confinement Curve
  • Groundwater
  • Tunnel Support
  • Excavation Face
  • Pore Pressure
  • Stress and Strain Around the Tunnel