Research Article Open Access

CONTRIBUTION TO THE CURRENT KNOWLEDGE OF ANT COMMUNITIES (HYMENOPTERA: FORMICIDAE) IN A XEROPHITIC SCRUBLAND OF SOUTHEAST DURANGO, DURANGO

Maria P. Gonzalez-Castillo1, Gerardo Hinojosa Ontiveros2 and David Ramírez Noya1
  • 1 Interdisciplinary Research Centre for Integral Regional Development-Durango, National Polytechnique Institute (CIIDIR-IPN-Dgo)., Sigma 119 Fraccionamiento 20 de Noviembre II Durango, Dgo. C.P. 34220, Becaria-COFAA-IPN, Mexico
  • 2 Instituto Tecnológico del Valle del Guadiana, Carretera Durango-México Km 22.5, Villa Montemorelos Durango, Dgo, Mexico

Abstract

In order to assess the species richness and diversity of ants in a xerophitic scrubland, a total of three areas were monitored in the Southeast of Durango within the municipalities of Nombre de Dios and Durango. Specific richness, relative abundance as well as Shannon’s, Simpson’s and Pielou’s indices of the ant community were obtained. A total of 19 species from 15 genera within four subfamilies were collected: Myrmicinae, Formicinae, Pseudomyrmicinae and Dolichoderinae. The subfamily with the greatest species richness was Myrmicinae (seven species), while Pseudomyrmicinae had the lowest richness with only two species. Dolichoderinae showed the highest relative abundance (76.5% of the total sample). Four new records of two genera were obtained for the State: Carebara and Linepithema and two species: Atta texana and Myrmecocystus mendax. Shannon’s diversity index reached H’ = 1.36, Pielou’s evenness index was J’ = 0.46 and Simpson’s index was λ = 0.38. Further targeted studies are required with different sampling techniques in order to obtain a more detailed listing of ants and increase our knowledge on this group of insects in the study region, which shows high diversity potential.

American Journal of Applied Sciences
Volume 11 No. 5, 2014, 740-747

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajassp.2014.740.747

Submitted On: 7 January 2014 Published On: 13 February 2014

How to Cite: Gonzalez-Castillo, M. P., Ontiveros, G. H. & Noya, D. R. (2014). CONTRIBUTION TO THE CURRENT KNOWLEDGE OF ANT COMMUNITIES (HYMENOPTERA: FORMICIDAE) IN A XEROPHITIC SCRUBLAND OF SOUTHEAST DURANGO, DURANGO. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 11(5), 740-747. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajassp.2014.740.747

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Keywords

  • Diversity
  • Abundance
  • Atta texana
  • Myrmecocystus mendax