Research Article Open Access

Ameliorate Fuzzy C-Means: An Ameliorate Fuzzy C-Means Clustering Algorithm for CT-Lung Image Segmentation

J. Bridget Nirmala1 and S. Gowri2
  • 1 , India
  • 2 Anna University of Technology, India


Effective and efficient image segmentation acts as a preliminary stage for the computer-aided diagnosis of medical images. For image segmentation, many FCM-based clustering techniques have been proposed. Regrettably, the existing FCM technique does not generate accurate and standardized segmentation results. This is due to the noise present in the image as well as the random initialization of membership values for pixels. To address this issue, this study has enhanced the existing FCM technique and proposed a technique named Ameliorate FCM (AFCM). Initially, the given image is preprocessed to remove the noise using the Contrast Limited Adaptive Histogram Equalization (CLAHE) technique. The preprocessed image is given as input to a Bayesian classifier to classify the images into two set namely normal and abnormal using a Hybrid feature selection method. The classified images are given as input to the proposed segmentation technique, which overcomes the drawbacks of existing FCM technique. Here, the membership value of the pixels of an image is standardized and clustered to segment the regions. Experiments are carried out using lung images to determine the efficiency of the proposed technique. Results of the experiment show that the proposed technique outperforms the existing FCM technique.

American Journal of Applied Sciences
Volume 10 No. 11, 2013, 1439-1447


Submitted On: 3 June 2013 Published On: 1 October 2013

How to Cite: Nirmala, J. B. & Gowri, S. (2013). Ameliorate Fuzzy C-Means: An Ameliorate Fuzzy C-Means Clustering Algorithm for CT-Lung Image Segmentation. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 10(11), 1439-1447.

  • 3 Citations



  • Noise Removal
  • Hybrid Method
  • Feature Selection
  • Image Segmentation
  • Standardized Membership Value