Research Article Open Access

Fujisaki’s Model of Thai’s Fundamental Frequency Contours with Environmental Noises

Suphattharachai Chomphan1 and Chutarat Chompunth2
  • 1 Department of Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering at Si Racha, Kasetsart University, 199 M.6, Tungsukhla, Si Racha, Chonburi, 20230, Thailand
  • 2 School of Social and Environmental Development, National Institute of Development Administration, 118 M.3, Serithai Road, Klong-Chan, Bangkapi, Bangkok, 10240, Thailand

Abstract

Problem statement: An important human speech feature is the fundamental frequency (F0) contour which represents the speech prosody. It indicates the naturalness and intelligibility of the speech. Modeling of fundamental frequency contour was an essential procedure in the natural speech processing. In speech communication, environmental noise plays an essential role in damaging the digital communication quality. The study of effects of noises on modeling of F0 contour for standard Thai is conducted. Approach: The selected modeling technique in this study was adapted from Fujisaki’s model, because of its achievement in modeling of various Thai speech units. Four types of environmental noises were recorded for different levels of power. This study was proposed an analysis of some parameters of modeling of Thai speech prosody for two genders and four types of noises. The derived Fujisaki’s model was covered seven parameters including baseline frequency, the numbers of phrase commands and tone commands, phrase command and tone command durations, amplitudes of phrase command and tone command. Results: In the experimental results, the standard Thai of 2 samples of 5 sentences with 5 males and 5 females was used. Four types of noises include train, factory, car and air conditioner. Five levels of each type of noise were varied from 0-20 dB. The results were showing that the different noises give the distinguished effects for most of the proposed model parameters. Conclusion: The results confirm that the effects of four types of noises are significantly different. It can be seen that the environmental noises deteriorate the model parameters empirically.

American Journal of Applied Sciences
Volume 9 No. 8, 2012, 1251-1258

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajassp.2012.1251.1258

Submitted On: 1 March 2012 Published On: 28 June 2012

How to Cite: Chomphan, S. & Chompunth, C. (2012). Fujisaki’s Model of Thai’s Fundamental Frequency Contours with Environmental Noises. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 9(8), 1251-1258. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajassp.2012.1251.1258

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Keywords

  • Standard Thai
  • Fujisaki’s model
  • analysis of fundamental frequency
  • environmental noise
  • noise effect
  • fundamental frequency contours