Research Article Open Access

A Review of Acetol: Application and Production

Mohd Hanif Mohamad1, Roila Awang1 and Wan Md Zin Wan Yunus2
  • 1 Engineering and Processing Research Division, Malaysian Palm Oil Board, No. 6, Persiaran Institute, Bandar Baru Bangi, 43000 Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia
  • 2 Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

Abstract

Problem statement: Acetol is used as organic intermediates because it contains both hydroxyl and carbonyl functional groups and mainly use to produce polyols and acrolein. It also widely uses as reduced dyes and skin tanning agent. The commercially used acetol is made from petroleum-based that leads to high cost of production. Approach: This review highlighted applications of acetol and established methods and factors affecting acetol selectivity. Global market of acetol and its contribution in Malaysia were also surveyed. Results: Multiple ways which was through dehydration of glycerol or dehydrogenation of polyols and sugar alcohols could be applied to produce acetol. Conclusion: The approach using glycerol as feedstock since its economic viable in the presence of metal supported acidic catalyst is the very promising and reliable because it’s high conversion and selectivity. The production under optimum conditions still remained as an open challenge to all researchers.

American Journal of Applied Sciences
Volume 8 No. 11, 2011, 1135-1139

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajassp.2011.1135.1139

Published On: 5 October 2011

How to Cite: Mohamad, M. H., Awang, R. & Yunus, W. M. Z. W. (2011). A Review of Acetol: Application and Production. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 8(11), 1135-1139. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajassp.2011.1135.1139

  • 6,217 Views
  • 13,627 Downloads
  • 122 Citations

Download

Keywords

  • Dehydrogenation process
  • glycerol
  • acetol
  • propylene glycol
  • molecular catalysis
  • economic viable
  • both hydroxyl
  • dehydrogenating catalyst
  • methyl alcohol