Research Article Open Access

Automated Face Detection, Recognition and Gender Estimation Applied to Person Identification

Md Hannan1, Md Rafiqul Islam1, Md Ashraful Haque2, Md Safaet Hossain1, Anwaar Ulhaq3 and Jeyson Jaman Sawan2
  • 1 City University, Bangladesh
  • 2 Daffodil Int. University, Bangladesh
  • 3 Charles Sturt University, Australia
Journal of Computer Science
Volume 15 No. 3, 2019, 395-415

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/jcssp.2019.395.415

Submitted On: 8 February 2019 Published On: 27 March 2019

How to Cite: Hannan, M., Islam, M. R., Haque, M. A., Hossain, M. S., Ulhaq, A. & Sawan, J. J. (2019). Automated Face Detection, Recognition and Gender Estimation Applied to Person Identification. Journal of Computer Science, 15(3), 395-415. https://doi.org/10.3844/jcssp.2019.395.415

Abstract

Face detection, recognition and gender estimation are one of the most significant research areas in computer vision, not only because of the challenging nature of faces as an object but also due to the countless applications that require the application of face detection, tracking and recognition. Although many significant types of research on face detection, recognition and gender estimation problems have done in the last few years separately, there is no particular research on face detection, recognition and gender estimation together from a real-time video for person  identification. So, we feel that these types of significant research are still needed to work. The main contributions of our paper are divided into three parts, namely face detection, recognition and gender estimation for person identification. In our research work, we use Local Binary pattern Histogram (LBPH) method and Convolution Neural Network (CNN) to extract the facial features of face images whose computational complexity is very low. By calculating the Local Binary Patterns Histogram (LBPH) neighborhood pixels and Convolution levels, we extract effective facial feature to realize face recognition and gender estimation. We show the experimental results using these methods to recognize face and gender for person  identification. CNN increase the calculating speed of testing real-time video and also improve the recognition rate. By using LPBH, we get 63% accuracy on average where CNN gives 99.88% training accuracy for face  recognition-1 and 96.88% accurate for gender estimation-1 and 100% training accuracy for face recognition-2 and 93.38% training accuracy for gender estimation-2. However, Convolution Neural Networks (CNN) learns fast and predict efficiently.

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Keywords

  • Face Detection
  • Face Recognition
  • Local Binary Pattern Histogram (LBPH)
  • Convolution Neural Network (CNN)
  • Gender Estimation