Research Article Open Access

Weather Forecasting Using Merged Long Short-Term Memory Model (LSTM) and Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average (ARIMA) Model

Afan Galih Salman1, Yaya Heryadi1, Edi Abdurahman1 and Wayan Suparta2
  • 1 Bina Nusantara University, Indonesia
  • 2 Sanata Dharma University, Indonesia

Abstract

Weather forecasting is an interesting research problem in flight navigation area. One of the important weather data in aviation is visibility. Visibility is an important factor in all phases of flight, especially when the aircraft is maneuvering on or close to the ground, i.e., during taxi-out, take-off and initial climb, approach and landing and taxi-in. The aim of these study is to analyze intermediate variables and do the comparison of visibility forecasting by using Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average (ARIMA) and Long Short Term Memory (LSTM) Model. This paper proposes ARIMA model and LSTM model for forecasting visibility at Hang Nadim Airport, Batam Indonesia using one variable weather data as predictor such as visibility and combine with another variable weather data as moderating variables such as temperature, dew point and humidity. The models were tested using weather time series data at Hang Nadim Airport, Batam Indonesia. This research compares the Root Mean Square Error (RMSE) resulted by LTSM model with the RMSE resulted by ARIMA model. The results of this experiment show that LSTM model with/or without intermediate variable has better performance than ARIMA Model.

Journal of Computer Science
Volume 14 No. 7, 2018, 930-938

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/jcssp.2018.930.938

Submitted On: 4 April 2018 Published On: 28 June 2018

How to Cite: Salman, A. G., Heryadi, Y., Abdurahman, E. & Suparta, W. (2018). Weather Forecasting Using Merged Long Short-Term Memory Model (LSTM) and Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average (ARIMA) Model. Journal of Computer Science, 14(7), 930-938. https://doi.org/10.3844/jcssp.2018.930.938

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Keywords

  • Weather Forecasting
  • Visibility
  • Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average
  • Long Short-Term Memory
  • Root Mean Square Error