Research Article Open Access

A TIME SYNCHRONIZED HYBRID VEHICULAR AD HOC NETWORK OF ROADSIDE SENSORS AND VEHICLES FOR SAFE DRIVING

Dahlia Sam1 and V. Cyril Raj1
  • 1 Dr M.G.R Educational and Research Institute University, India

Abstract

VANET is a type of ad hoc network in which the moving vehicles act as nodes. There has been lot of research for using VANETs in many applications. One of the main applications is the use of VANETs to improve driving safety. In any safety related applications, the vehicular nodes have to constantly communicate with each other and the roadside equipments. For e.g., the roadside units sense real time information about road conditions, road blocks or animals straying on the road and passes the message to the approaching vehicles. The alert message enables the driver to take timely decisions in preventing accidents or delay. However there are two issues in the above system. One problem is that VANETs are subject to frequent network disconnections especially in low traffic areas. Due to this some events in the road may go undetected while the detected events may not be transmitted on time. The second issue it with maintaining a synchronized clock within the network. Only then the messages communicated between the nodes will be meaningful. To overcome the above issues and make the system more reliable we propose to include roadside wireless sensor nodes along with the vehicular nodes in the network. The roadside wireless sensor nodes can be deployed at fixed distances and communicate wirelessly with the vehicular nodes. They play an important role in keeping the network connected and guarantee message transmission. We also propose a Hybrid Clock Synchronization (HCS) algorithm to synchronize the clocks of all the nodes. This integrated network which is also time synchronized is called the Hybrid VANET (H-VANET). The proposed H-VANET was simulated and tested using GrooveNet. On comparing our system with the conventional VANET implementing RBS for synchronization, it was seen that our model has better performance and reliability.

Journal of Computer Science
Volume 10 No. 9, 2014, 1617-1627

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/jcssp.2014.1617.1627

Submitted On: 14 October 2013 Published On: 10 April 2014

How to Cite: Sam, D. & Raj, V. C. (2014). A TIME SYNCHRONIZED HYBRID VEHICULAR AD HOC NETWORK OF ROADSIDE SENSORS AND VEHICLES FOR SAFE DRIVING. Journal of Computer Science, 10(9), 1617-1627. https://doi.org/10.3844/jcssp.2014.1617.1627

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Keywords

  • Hybrid VANET
  • H-VANET
  • Hybrid VANET-WSN
  • Hybrid Clock Synchronization (HCS)