Journal of Computer Science

Optimal Control Algorithms for Second Order Systems

Danilo Pelusi and Raffaele Mascella

DOI : 10.3844/jcssp.2013.183.197

Journal of Computer Science

Volume 9, Issue 2

Pages 183-197


Proportional Integral Derivative (PID) controllers are widely used in industrial processes for their simplicity and robustness. The main application problems are the tuning of PID parameters to obtain good settling time, rise time and overshoot. The challenge is to improve the timing parameters to achieve optimal control performances. Remarkable findings are obtained through the use of Artificial Intelligence techniques as Fuzzy Logic, Genetic Algorithms and Neural Networks. The combination of these theories can give good results in terms of settling time, rise time and overshoot. In this study, suitable controllers able of improving timing performance of second order plants are proposed. The results show that the PID controller has good overshoot values and shows optimal robustness. The genetic-fuzzy controller gives a good value of settling time and a very good overshoot value. The neural-fuzzy controller gives the best timing parameters improving the control performances of the others two approaches. Further improvements are achieved designing a real-time optimization algorithm which works on a genetic-neuro-fuzzy controller.


© 2013 Danilo Pelusi and Raffaele Mascella. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.