Journal of Computer Science

Using Multi-Scale Filtering to Initialize a Background Extraction Model

S. H. Davarpanah, Fatimah Khalid, N. A. Lili, S. S. Puteri and M. Golchin

DOI : 10.3844/jcssp.2012.1077.1084

Journal of Computer Science

Volume 8, Issue 7

Pages 1077-1084


Problem statement: Probability-based methods which usually work based on the saved history of each pixel are utilized severally in extracting a background image for moving detection systems. Probability-based methods suffer from a lack of information when the system first begins to work. The model should be initialized using an alternative accurate method. Approach: The use of a nonparametric filtering to calculate the most probable value for each pixel in the initialization phase can be useful. In this study a complete system to extract an adaptable gray scale background image is presented. It is a probability-based system and especially suitable for outdoor applications. The proposed method is initialized using a multi-scale filtering method. Results: The results of the experiments certify that not only the quality of the final extracted background is about 10% more accurate in comparison to four recent re-implemented methods, but also the time consumption of the extraction are acceptable. Conclusion: Using multi-scale filtering to initialize the background model and to extract the background using a probability-based method proposes an accurate and adaptable background extraction method which is able to handle sudden and large illumination changes.


© 2012 S. H. Davarpanah, Fatimah Khalid, N. A. Lili, S. S. Puteri and M. Golchin. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.