A Preamble-Based Frequency Offset Compensation Scheme in Multiple Input Multiple Output Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing Systems
Elnaz Ershadi and Hamidreza Bakhshi
DOI : 10.3844/jcssp.2010.478.483
Journal of Computer Science
Volume 6, Issue 4
Problem statement: Combining the properties of Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) systems with those of Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM), MIMO-OFDM was considered to be a promising technique in the future of wireless communications. However, its sensitivity to frequency offsets which results in Inter-Carrier Interferences (ICIs) makes it necessary to use an exact frequency offset estimation method for data recovery in the MIMO-OFDM receiver. Approach: In this study, a new preamble-based frequency offset compensation method was introduced in frequency domain. In each block, two preambles are used to initially obtain the channel coefficients through LS channel estimation method. A polynomial curve fitting algorithm was then applied so that the frequency offsets experienced by every single data subcarrier are separately determined. Finally, to improve the compensating process, an iterative algorithm was applied. Results: Simulation results clearly showed that our proposed method was accurate in multipath fading channels and precisely recovered the transmitted data symbols. The BER performance of the iterative algorithm is within an acceptable distance of that in the ideal channel. Conclusion: In comparison with the conventional methods, our proposed scheme was less complex and showed better performance in lower SNRs. For further research, it can be investigated and improved while considering correlated antennas and spatial multiplexing.
© 2010 Elnaz Ershadi and Hamidreza Bakhshi. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.