Solving the Near-Far Problem in Dynamic Frequency Hopping-Optical Code Division Multiple Access using Power Control
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Copyright: © 2021 W. J.M. Al-galbi, M. Mokhtar, A. F. Abas, S. B.A. Anas and R. K.Z. Sahbudin. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Problem statement: In this study, a distributed power control algorithm is proposed for Dynamic Frequency Hopping Optical-CDMA (DFH-OCDMA) system. Approach: In general, the DFH-OCDMA can support higher number of simultaneous users compared to other OCDMA techniques. However, the performance of such system degrades significantly as the received power does lower than its minimum threshold. Results: This may obviously occur in a DFH-OCDMA network with near-far problem which consist of different fiber lengths among the users, that resulting to unequal power attenuation. The power misdistribution among simultaneous active users at the star coupler would degrade the Bit Error Rate (BER) performance for users whose transmitting signals with longer fiber lengths. In order to solve these problems, we propose an adaptive distributed power control technique for DFH-OCDMA to satisfy the target Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR) for all users. Conclusion: Taking into account the noise effects of Multiple Access Interference (MAI), Phase Induced Intensity Noise (PIIN) and shot noise, the system can support 100% of users with power control as compared to 33% without power control when the initial transmitted power was -1dBm with 30 simultaneous users.
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- dynamic frequency hopping-OCDMA
- power control