Characteristics of Empty Palm Bunch Fibers as Alternative Pulp Material
- 1 School Life Sciences and Technology-Bandung Institute of Technology, Indonesia
Copyright: © 2021 Ihak Sumardi, Anne Hadiyane, Alfi Rumidatul and Lili Melani. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Material characteristics in this research become the focus to see the possibility of oil palm Empty Fruit Bunches (EFB) becoming pulp raw material in the future. The oil palm empty fruit bunch fibers are divided into two parts, namely the inner and outer parts, which are the focus of this research. Tests carried out using the TAPPI standard include testing water content, ash content, extractive, lignin, cellulose and hemicellulose. While fiber morphology was observed by the maceration technique in EFB, including fiber diameter, fiber length, cell wall thickness and lumen diameter. The test results state that characteristics of fiber parts and the outside, in general, do not differ significantly, the difference in value ranges from 1-2%, the length of the fiber and the value of the dimensions of the fiber is included in the category of fiber grade II quality. The holocellulose content is of less quality, while the lignin and extractive contents are of good quality. Based on the levels of chemical components, the morphology of fibers and their derivatives, in general, there is no need to distinguish the inner and the outer part of the EFB in the pulping process.
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- Inner Part
- Outer Part
- Fiber Morphology